June 2023


What social, cultural, and ethical factors do nursing professionals face?

The nursing landscape is probably more challenging and rewarding today than it has ever been. Patients face new illnesses, and there is a constant development of new treatments and sciences to aid medical staff in fighting off disease. Today, patients hope to be treated by nurses who are knowledgeable, culturally diverse, and empathetic.

Nursing is a rewarding but challenging occupation. A report by the Health Resource & Services Administration regarding satisfaction levels among nurses before the COVID-19 pandemic showed that 89% of nurses in the American healthcare system were extremely satisfied with their chosen healthcare career.

Despite this fact, the turnover rate for nurses remains high. Heightened expectations have been brought about by the shift towards patient-centered care. Patients expect to be involved in decisions regarding their treatment.

There are also a multitude of emerging social, ethical, and cultural factors that affect nursing. The nurse-patient dynamic has changed significantly from a few decades ago.

Why the shift?

The United States of America is more diverse than it has ever been. Today, communities are made up of people from different ethnicities, races, backgrounds, and countries.

Forty or fifty years ago, most nurses dealt with mainly Caucasian and mainly Christian patients. They may have been different in terms of their economic backgrounds, but most shared values based on their religion and their race.

Today’s nurses have to deal with a diversity of patients. They need to have a good understanding of people from different races, different countries, and a variety of religions and cultures.

Social factors also come into play. Economic and job opportunities vary from patient to patient, and nurses have to take this into account as they dispense care.

In keeping with these changes, many universities have tweaked their curricula to equip nurses with skills to enable them to cope in the challenging new environment. The basic nursing courses are the same, but nursing students also touch on themes like cultural competence, community health, and patient-centered care.

Nurses who enroll in higher education courses further explore the cultural, ethical, and social issues that affect nursing practice. Those who sign up for an online master’s nursing education program, for example, cover topics like evidence-based practice, nursing education leadership, and educational evaluation methods. The course is designed to equip educators with skills to teach nurses how to cope with many of the issues that they encounter as they practice. Those who qualify can become nurse educators or nurse managers.

As you climb the nursing career ladder, it is important to be aware of the cultural and social ethical issues that affect nursing in America and what is being done to tackle them. When you encounter them in your course, they will be familiar, and when you are employed as a nurse manager or educator, you will know what to anticipate.

Social factors that affect nursing practice

Imagine an ER in a large city like New York or Los Angeles. On any given day, nurses attend to patients from all social backgrounds.

Some are rich, and many are poor. Some are well-educated and aware, but many only have a basic education. Some of the people nurses care for come from the very best of neighborhoods, but many live in the projects, and some are homeless.

How is a nurse supposed to provide adequate care to such a diverse group of patients?

The social factors that affect the nursing profession are also called social determinants of health. These are economic and social conditions that affect health and healthcare. Money is probably the most powerful determinant of health. People with more money can afford the very best in healthcare.

Even when they attend an ER in a large hospital in New York or Los Angeles, they will get top-level treatment, be admitted in private rooms, be afforded access to the latest equipment, and be beneficiaries of the latest innovations in healthcare. The poor, on the other hand, are given the bare minimum, and it is not the fault of the nurses or the doctors. The blame lies with the structure of healthcare in America. Those who can afford to pay for it get the best, and those who cannot have to make do with the little that the system is willing to do for them.

As a nurse, you will encounter this situation time and time again. You are sworn to help all who are ailing, but that isn’t always possible.

The COVID-19 pandemic played a critical role in highlighting how different socio-economic classes are treated by the healthcare system. We saw poor people die because they couldn’t afford to pay for basic care.

Nurses rose to the task of advocating for those who couldn’t speak for themselves. They highlighted their plight and put these stories out, hoping that something would be done to increase equity in healthcare. It helped. Many hospitals were forced to review how they dealt with admissions, treatments, and care, and it helped save lives.

Other social determinants include education, income, and employment; access to good food; access to decent living conditions; and even incarceration.

Social factors are hard for nurses to deal with because they often fall outside their sphere of influence. If a community is poor and cannot afford good nutrition, for example, there is little that the nurse can do other than treat those who come in with various complaints.

Nurses do whatever they can to help. Many become advocates for the underprivileged in their communities, helping their voices be heard in the places that matter.

They collect data about the social factors that impact their patients and how they affect their health and present it to politicians and heads of organizations that can help improve healthcare equity.

Many nurses also take it upon themselves to educate their patients on how they can make a difference. They may teach young mothers about basics like good nutrition and child care. They may also teach the elderly about diet to help them manage chronic conditions.

Nurses can also do little things that make a big difference. Sending homeless people to shelters where they can get a hot meal and a place to sleep, especially when it turns cold, is a good example.

The important thing is not to give up. Things evolve, and social factors that impact health also change. Your community may have poor access to healthcare because of low income and other factors, but your efforts and the efforts of others who are determined to change things will pay off one day.

Cultural factors that affect nursing practice

Cultural factors have to do with our beliefs and attitudes. In some cultures, it is taboo for women to be treated by male doctors. In some religions, blood transfusions are a no-no. Patients sometimes die because their beliefs forbid them from undergoing organ transplants.

These are just two examples, but they touch on some of the most common cultural factors that nurses have to deal with as they care for patients.

Nurse have their own cultural beliefs. Growing up, they developed certain attitudes. What happens when these don’t match those of the patient?

Cultural competence has become a buzzword not just in healthcare but in many other professional spheres. As communities have become more diverse, understanding other people’s cultures helps us be more accommodating and patient.

For nurses and others in health care, cultural competence is an important skill that they must start to develop as soon as they start practicing.

But what is cultural competence in healthcare? It is the ability to deliver healthcare without regard to the patient’s race, beliefs, religion, or culture.

In America, statistics show that minorities are disproportionately burdened by disease and yet have less access to healthcare than Caucasians.

African Americans and Native Americans are more likely to suffer from chronic illnesses like heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. They are also less likely to get adequate healthcare. These can be challenging issues for any nurse to think about. How do they go about changing a system that is burdened by such endemic problems?

You may not be able to change the whole system, but you can play your small part by making sure that you care for every patient to the best of your ability without regard for race, ethnicity, attitude, or beliefs.

Learning about other cultures is not easy, but you should make time to understand them. Good communication can go a long way toward making your job easier.

If a patient refuses to be attended by a male nurse, the nurse should ask the right questions to try and understand why. If it is because of their religion or their culture, the best thing to do would be to get a female nurse to care for the patient.

Immigrants are particularly at risk because of the language barrier. If a patient cannot converse in a familiar tongue, they may not be able to adequately explain their symptoms, they may not be able to provide a comprehensive history, and they will not be able to express their preferences during treatment. It affects their treatments and care.

It is the job of the nurse to do whatever they can in such a situation. They may look for a translator, or they can use a translation app to try and understand what the patient is saying. The nurse can also look for relatives or friends who speak English to help the patient communicate.

Developing cultural competence is not easy, but people do it all the time. Nurses are busy, but if they want to serve their patients better, this is one of the things they have to make time for.

They should make time to mix with people from other cultures and countries so that when they encounter them as patients, they can serve them with ease.

Below are some of the areas that nurses should strive to understand if they want to be culturally competent:

  • The role of individuals in the family: Some cultures are rather hierarchical, and certain individuals are expected to undertake certain roles. In some cultures, for example, the mother is the caregiver, and it is viewed as shameful for fathers to care for children.
  • The role of the community: What do you do if ten or fifteen visitors arrive to see a patient during visiting hours? It may be cultural for everyone in the community to provide support and prayers to the sick, and trying to stop them from visiting would only cause problems.
  • Religion: Religion can have an impact on diet, how patients view certain treatments, what beliefs they hold about their illness, and even how they believe they will be healed. There are stories told of native Americans who insisted on shamans visiting them in the hospital to help them heal. Rather than alienating a patient because of their religion, accommodating them will yield better results.
  • Views on death: In some religions, death is not something to be afraid of. It is something to be welcomed. They believe they are going to a better place. If a patient doesn’t want to be resuscitated or for doctors to take life-saving measures, it is best to obey their wishes.
  • Beliefs in alternative medicine: Alternative medicine has become mainstream, and millions of Americans seek alternative cures every month. It is pointless to try and stop them; they firmly believe that these treatments are helpful. The nurse must find a way to accommodate a patient who insists on using Eastern or Chinese medicine.
  • Sexuality and fertility: Beliefs about sexuality and fertility are varied, and while some may look ridiculous to an American, they are firmly entrenched in some cultures.
  • Beliefs about food and diet: Every culture has beliefs about certain foods. A patient may refuse to eat a particular meal because it contains a certain ingredient. Catholics will not eat meat at certain times of the year. Fighting with such beliefs is a losing battle. The sooner you understand them, the better.

Ethical factors that affect nursing practice

These are factors that arise when decisions have to be made. Unfortunately, healthcare is an area that calls for decisions to be made all the time. Nurses and doctors often face complex issues, and they have to act quickly to save lives.

Common ethical issues include informed consent, protecting patient privacy, the right to die, and advanced care planning. Nurses also deal with refusal to take medications, decision-making for terminal patients, DNR orders, and child protection.

What happens when the ethics of the nurse do not match those of the patient or those of other professionals within the healthcare team?

What should a nurse do, for example, if a parent refuses to allow their child to get life-saving treatment? Should they let the child die? Should they fight for the right of the child to live without regard for the parent’s wishes?

The nurse’s code of ethics can be helpful when making ethical decisions. It deals with issues like human dignity, moral virtue, confidentiality, and healthcare as a right. It serves as an excellent guide for nurses when they are dealing with fundamental issues.

However, things can get complex, and the code of ethics sometimes doesn’t seem to help. What should a nurse do, then?

The most important thing is to make sure that all their actions are guided by state and federal law. If need be, they can ask for a consultation from the legal department. Nurses must also observe hospital protocol.

It is important to consult when confronted with an ethical dilemma. What may seem to you like helping a patient may go against the rules and get you into a lot of trouble.

Ask older, more experienced nurses who have served in managerial positions for an opinion. They can provide eye-opening insights.

If all else fails, leave it to the hospital administration to make the necessary decisions. They will consult with whoever they need to and then tell you what action you ought to take.

How can nurses become more culturally, socially, and ethically competent?

There are no hard-and-fast answers. There is no single book you can read that tells you how to act in any given situation.

Over time, as you become a more experienced nurse, you will become a better decision-maker. You will learn about other people and their cultures, and you will become more tolerant of those who are different from you.

Don’t be afraid to ask questions; it is the fastest way to learn. If you show a genuine interest in other people, they will be happy to share their cultures and beliefs with you.

Interacting with different types of people is a great way to learn about others. Seek out social settings that expose you to people from different countries and cultures.


Nursing practice is evolving, and many of the changes are driven by the cultural, social, and ethical factors that nurses have to take into account when caring for patients. There is no doubt that these are complex issues, but every nurse can play their part in making sure that each patient is treated with respect, compassion, and empathy.

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Top 4 Causes of Memory Loss that You Should Know About

Most people don’t even know when they are experiencing memory loss. Forgetting the appellation of someone you just met or where you placed your keys was expected in the Middle Ages. When your memory slips, it can be frustrating and worrisome since it might indicate Alzheimer’s or dementia disease. It’s crucial to note that not dementia is not the only [problem that leads to memory lapses. Some of the memory loss is reversible by using the best supplements for memory. This supplement helps increase the blood flow to your brain, which makes it stronger, improving cognition and memory. Talking to your doctor about your concerns and memory loss is crucial. An excellent experienced doctor can help establish the root cause of your problem and recommend ways to boost it. This article will explore the significant causes of memory loss.

  1. Anxiety, Depression and Stress

Most people suffer from anxiety, depression, and stress can lead to an absence of concentration and memory loss. It’s crucial to note that anxiety needs a lot of mental horsepowers, which often alters the process of memory formation. Spending too much time thinking and worrying can block your mind from effectively processing any new or critical information. If you have acute stress, your body might experience cell communication. This is why it’s vital to understand and learn ways to control stress and anxiety. Before taking your anti-anxiety medication, consult a healthcare provider since some medicines, such as benzodiazepines, might harm your brain.

  1. Medications

Certain medications, when taken, could lead to memory loss and forgetfulness. Before taking any medication, it’s crucial to learn the side effects to know what to expect or consult for adjustment. Some common remedies include antihistamines, antidepressants, anti-anxiety medication and diabetes medication. There are also sleeping pills and anti-seizure medications that can lead to memory loss. You should also avoid cholesterol-lowering drugs since they increase the risk of cognitive side effects such as confusion and memory loss.

  1. Sleeping Problems Anxiety, Depression And Stress

Most memory loss and lack of concentration are associated with sleeping problems. Some of the sleep problems include sleep apnea, chronic inability to stay or fall asleep, insomnia and disorders that causes breathing to stop briefly, especially at night. Lack of sleep can cause exhaustion, leading to memory problems and brain fog. It’s crucial to note that sleep apnea affects spatial navigation memory, which helps in remembering where you put things like the key and direction.

  1. Nutritional Deficiency

Your brain needs nutrients and vitamins to function efficiently. However, insufficient B12, which boosts nerve function, can lead to dementia or confusion. Adults can get vitamin B12 from meat, fish, and dairy products.

You should note that taking certain medications, such as proton pump inhibitors or metformin, can lead to vitamin B12 deficiency, affecting the brain’s functionality. In addition, following a strict vegan diet puts you at risk of getting the deficiency. You can consult for supplements to help boost the vitamins in your body to optimize your memory.

To Sum it Up

Always consult your healthcare giver for supplements that can help boost your memory and concentration. Consider incorporating ways to boost your memory, such as exercising and meditation.

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The Smoke-Free Revolution: Embracing Health Consciousness and Tobacco-Free Alternatives

In recent years, a remarkable trend has emerged as more and more individuals are prioritizing their health and seeking smoke-free, tobacco-free alternatives. This shift in consumer behavior reflects a growing desire for less harmful options that still provide satisfaction. Among the array of products that have risen to meet this demand, nicotine pouches have gained significant popularity. In this article, we delve into the smoke-free revolution, exploring the factors driving this trend and shedding light on nicotine pouches as a compelling choice for those seeking a healthier lifestyle.

The Rise of Health Consciousness

With increasing awareness of the adverse effects of smoking, society as a whole has become more health-conscious. People are now more informed about the risks associated with tobacco consumption and are actively seeking alternatives to safeguard their well-being. This collective shift in mindset has paved the way for the smoke-free revolution.

The Quest for Smoke-Free Alternatives

Traditional tobacco products, such as cigarettes, cigars, and pipes, release harmful smoke when burned, which poses risks not only to the smoker but also to those exposed to secondhand smoke. Recognizing this, individuals are embracing smoke-free alternatives that eliminate the harmful byproducts of combustion. These alternatives provide the desired experience without compromising personal health or the well-being of others.

Tobacco-Free Choices

In tandem with the smoke-free movement, a growing number of individuals are seeking tobacco-free alternatives. Nicotine, the addictive substance found in tobacco, is often the primary reason individuals turn to smoking. However, the desire to break free from the harmful effects of tobacco has led to the exploration of nicotine delivery mechanisms that do not rely on tobacco leaves.

Enter Nicotine Pouches

Nicotine pouches have emerged as a leading contender in the smoke-free revolution. These small, discreet pouches contain nicotine and other flavorings, but they do not contain tobacco. Users simply place the pouch between their gum and lip, allowing the nicotine to be absorbed into the bloodstream without any combustion or inhalation. This smoke-free and tobacco-free alternative offers a convenient and satisfying way to consume nicotine while reducing associated health risks.

Advantages of Nicotine Pouches

Nicotine pouches present several advantages over traditional tobacco products. Firstly, nicotine pouch retailer Swenico emphasizes that they eliminate the risks associated with smoking and secondhand smoke exposure. Additionally, they provide a smokeless experience, avoiding the lingering smell and stains often associated with tobacco use. Furthermore, nicotine pouches come in a variety of flavors, allowing users to personalize their experience and find their preferred taste.

Aiding Smoking Cessation Efforts

For those looking to quit smoking, nicotine pouches can serve as a valuable tool. By decoupling nicotine addiction from the act of smoking, individuals can gradually reduce their dependence on cigarettes while still satisfying their cravings. Nicotine pouches offer a harm reduction strategy by providing a less harmful alternative that can assist individuals in their journey towards a smoke-free life.

The Science Behind Nicotine Pouches

Nicotine pouches utilize innovative technology to deliver nicotine in a controlled and efficient manner. These pouches are typically filled with a combination of food-grade fillers, nicotine, and flavorings. Through a process of osmosis, the nicotine is released gradually as the pouch is placed in the mouth, ensuring a steady and controlled nicotine intake. This mechanism allows users to manage their nicotine cravings while minimizing the potential for nicotine overdose.

Accessibility and Convenience

One of the key advantages of nicotine pouches is their accessibility and convenience. They are available in various strengths, allowing users to choose the nicotine concentration that suits their needs. Moreover, they can be easily purchased online or in stores, making them widely accessible to individuals seeking smoke-free alternatives. The discreet nature of nicotine pouches also ensures that users can enjoy them without drawing unwanted attention, further adding to their convenience.

Public Acceptance and Social Considerations

As the smoke-free revolution gains momentum, society is becoming more accepting of individuals choosing smoke-free alternatives. The absence of secondhand smoke and the elimination of tobacco-related odors make nicotine pouches more socially acceptable in public spaces. This shift in perception contributes to a supportive environment for individuals who are transitioning away from traditional smoking habits.

Regulatory Environment and Safety Standards

The growing popularity of nicotine pouches has prompted regulatory bodies to establish safety standards and guidelines. Manufacturers are required to adhere to stringent quality control measures, ensuring that nicotine pouches meet safety requirements and are accurately labeled. As the industry continues to evolve, ongoing research and development contribute to the improvement of product safety and user experience.

The Role of Education and Awareness

Education and awareness play a crucial role in the smoke-free revolution. It is essential for individuals to understand the differences between traditional tobacco products and smoke-free alternatives like nicotine pouches. Providing accurate information about the risks of smoking and the benefits of smoke-free alternatives empowers individuals to make informed decisions about their health and well-being.

Embracing a Healthier Future

The smoke-free revolution represents a paradigm shift in how society perceives and approaches tobacco consumption. With the increasing adoption of smoke-free, tobacco-free alternatives like nicotine pouches, individuals are taking proactive steps towards a healthier future. By choosing these alternatives, they prioritize their well-being without sacrificing the satisfaction they seek from nicotine consumption.


The smoke-free revolution is an ongoing movement driven by a rising health consciousness and a desire for smoke-free, tobacco-free alternatives. Nicotine pouches have emerged as a popular choice, providing a convenient and satisfying option for individuals seeking to break free from the harmful effects of traditional tobacco products. As society continues to embrace the smoke-free revolution, it is essential to support education, awareness, and regulatory efforts to ensure the safety and well-being of those choosing these healthier alternatives. By embracing smoke-free options like nicotine pouches, individuals can pave the way for a smoke-free future and foster a society that prioritizes health and wellness.

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How Kidney Stones Affect Sexual Health and What You Can Do About It.

Kidney stones have always been a topic of concern for both men and women. They are known to cause severe pain and discomfort, but did you know they can also affect your sexual health? Kidney stones can cause various sexual health problems, including erectile dysfunction, painful intercourse, and even infertility. These issues can have a significant impact on your personal life and relationships. However, there are ways to prevent and treat kidney stones to minimize their impact on your sexual health.

Hello Lovemaking!

Kidney stones can cause a lot of discomfort and pain, affecting not only your daily routine but also your sexual health. It’s not uncommon for people suffering from kidney stones to experience a decrease in libido and sexual activity. The good news is that there are ways to combat this issue and get back to enjoying your sex life. One of the most effective methods is to incorporate cranberry juice into your diet. That’s right, is cranberry juice good for kidney stones? The answer is a resounding yes! Cranberry juice is a natural diuretic that can help flush out the stones from your urinary tract, reducing inflammation and pain.

Reclaim Your Sex Life

Kidney stones are a pesky little problem that can cause a lot of pain and discomfort, but did you know they can also affect your sexual health? If you’ve ever experienced the agony of passing a kidney stone, you understand how it can leave you feeling worn out and hesitant to engage in any kind of physical activity, let alone sexual intimacy. Fortunately, there are ways to reclaim your sex life and keep kidney stones at bay. One popular remedy is cranberry juice, which has been known to help prevent the formation of kidney stones.

Tips for Better Sex

Kidney stones are a painful and common condition that can affect anyone, regardless of age or gender. But did you know that kidney stones can also have an impact on your sexual health? Yes, you read that right. The pain and discomfort caused by kidney stones can put a damper on your sex life, making it difficult to enjoy intimacy with your partner. Fortunately, there are ways to reduce the risk of developing kidney stones and improve your sexual health at the same time. One of the most popular remedies for kidney stones is cranberry juice. This tasty beverage has been shown to help prevent the formation of kidney stones by reducing the amount of calcium and oxalate in the urine.

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