Sophie Connor


Nursing in rural areas: challenges, innovations and best practices for providing quality care in underserved communities

Nurses make up more than one out of two healthcare workers in rural areas. But with the increasing shortage of health workers in rural areas, nurses are increasingly becoming the only point of call to rural healthcare delivery for rural dwellers.

The role of nurses is becoming more critical in rural healthcare delivery, and this offers a different set of challenges and rewards for nurses.

Healthcare facilities in rural areas often lack the finances to hire a sufficient number of highly qualified healthcare professionals and procure the necessary medical supplies.

However, nurses can rise to the challenge to help fill the healthcare needs of underserved communities while also enjoying opportunities for career advancement and professional growth. For instance, nurses can take on new specialties to fill the shortage of specialists at a community health facility. This can be a win for all, with the nurse earning a pay raise while helping the facility fill its personnel needs at a lower cost compared to hiring external candidates.

In the following sections, we’ll take a closer look at the challenges and opportunities in rural healthcare delivery. We’ll also examine ways that nurses can make a difference here.

Impediments to healthcare delivery in rural areas

Rural America is home to about a quarter of the country’s population. The choice to live in the countryside is oftentimes deliberate – people just wanting to live closer to nature and enjoy a simpler lifestyle, away from the bustle and rigors of the city.

Healthcare delivery in rural areas is similar to that of urban areas in many regards, but it also comes with its unique challenges. These are outlined below.

A predominantly low-income population

Given their relatively sparse amount of economic activities, rural areas tend to be low-income areas. The US Department of Agriculture estimates that nearly 16% of rural dwellers live below the poverty line compared to about 11% in urban and suburban areas. Also, rural dwellers make up about a third of food stamp recipients.

Due to their low income, rural residents often lack adequate health insurance coverage and often struggle to afford proper care for their health challenges. Also, poverty often equates to poorer living standards, and this leads to increased vulnerability to health problems such as chronic diseases, mental illness, and lower life expectancy.

Hospital closures

Healthcare facilities in rural areas often struggle to maintain high-quality healthcare delivery while remaining profitable. The National Institute of Health estimates that over 170 rural hospitals went out of business between 2005 and 2020.

When a community loses a healthcare facility, they lose doctors, nurses, specialists, health educators, and medical supplies. Residents often have no choice but to travel long distances to get medical attention.

Healthcare worker shortage

Besides the closure of hospitals, many other factors contribute to the chronic shortage of healthcare practitioners in rural communities. These factors are to blame for the disproportionate concentration of talent pools in urban areas.

The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) classifies areas with a low concentration of healthcare workers as Health Provider Shortage Areas (HPSAs). More than 85 million Americans live in these areas. According to the HRSA’s recent records, HPSAs are heavily concentrated in rural regions.

Issues with work-life balance

If you want to learn how to become a nurse practitioner in Texas to practice in rural areas, a nursing degree at Texas Woman’s University is perfect to prepare you for the career of a nurse. Their clinical placement can help equip and prepare you for the level of work and potential pressure you may find in rural nursing.

Compared to urban nurses, it’s far more crucial for them to learn and implement strategies for maintaining a healthy work-life balance because constant pressure from work is almost guaranteed for them.

A declining number of rural medical students

The capital flight and personnel shortage afflicting rural healthcare are also driven by the decline in medical students from rural areas. Rural healthcare workers are often students who grew up in rural areas and small communities.

According to the journal Health Affairs, medical students from small communities have been declining in their numbers over the last 15 years.

Waning interest in rural healthcare

A broader issue affecting rural healthcare is the steady decline in interest in rural healthcare among healthcare workers. A physician staffing company, Merritt Hawkins, polled final-year medical students in 2019, and found that only 1% were considering practicing in a rural community.

Lower health literacy

Rural dwellers are generally not as informed about maintaining good health as their urban counterparts, making them more vulnerable to health risks. Lower health literacy in rural communities has been linked to higher rates of COVID-19 infections, diabetes, chronic infections, heart problems, etc.

Major health issues in rural areas

All the above combine to prevent many rural dwellers from finding lasting solutions to their health challenges. The impact of these challenges is exacerbating especially for specific health issues, including:

Heart conditions

Heart conditions are also far more prevalent in rural communities. As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the number of heart disease-related deaths in rural areas is 160 per 100,000, nearly 50% higher compared to deaths in urban areas, which was estimated at 114 per 100,000.

Opioid overdose

More than 75,000 Americans died of opioid overdose between 2020 and 2021, according to the Center for Disease Control. That’s nearly double the yearly figure recorded in 2015. A huge number of those deaths occurred in rural areas due to a lack of access to primary healthcare, overprescribing, and lower health literacy.


The near non-existence of mental health services in many rural communities means that depression and other mental health problems that can lead to suicide often go unchecked in these areas.

CDC records show that the suicide rate in rural communities is twice as high as that of urban areas, at 20.1 per 100,000.

The role of nurses in rural healthcare delivery

For a long time, nurses have been at the front and center of health delivery in most rural communities. There’s also a growing body of evidence suggesting that the work of nurses is becoming increasingly critical and they’re more likely to bring about better patient outcomes compared to other healthcare professionals.

The role of nurses is as important – and sometimes even more superior – to those of doctors and specialists in treating a wide range of health conditions across different types of facilities, from primary to secondary and specialist care facilities.

Here’s why in more explicit terms:

Compliance with medical guidelines

Studies suggest that nurses are much more patient and sensitive when handling patient care. They’re much more likely to follow through with evidence-based guidelines for treatment and care.

As a result, rural patients report being more satisfied with their health outcomes when placed directly under the care of nurses.

Deeper local knowledge

Rural nurses often stay in a community or healthcare facility for several years on end, and this allows them to cultivate a deep understanding of the peculiarities of the locality. They know individual patients by heart, they’ve mastered the intricacies of the norms and cultural traits of the community, and they’re familiar with the local speak and local dialect.

As such, they can communicate with patients at a deeper level, avoiding awkward questions or misunderstandings that limit interactions with patients.

A more holistic approach to patient care

Rural nurses are often skilled at cultivating relationships to foster better healthcare outcomes. They focus not just on treatment regimes and medications, but on the life of patients as a whole.

They understand how social determinants impact access to quality healthcare, and are often willing to go out of their way to ensure holistic care for their patients.

For instance, they can find better strategies for communicating with a patient’s family to assuage their anxieties and advocate for better health standards and health policies in a facility or community.

Working with family values and community spirit

Because they often spend a long period in one location, rural nurses are often regarded as family. They often meet their patients and fellow healthcare workers outside work – at church, school events, or community functions.

As such, they cultivate a deeper level of trust with patients, and this helps guarantee a greater level of patient satisfaction.

Filling specialty roles

While most rural nurses are generalists, many have heeded the call for more specialists in their facilities and undertaken specialized training. Many develop these specialties on the job, assisting specialists with their workload while picking up some critical specialization skills in the process.

Reducing wait times

Studies also show that rural nurses help in minimizing wait times for patients on appointments.

What’s more, they also help improve the outcomes of appointments. Studies show that patient consultations with nurses tend to be longer, suggesting a deeper and more thorough assessment. And the number of return visits is much higher, indicating that patients tend to be more compliant when working with nurses.

Tips for improving healthcare outcomes as a rural nurse

There are many moves currently underway to address the chronic shortage of rural healthcare workers. In some places, doctors and specialists are being incentivized with higher rates and bonuses.

But in places where there are no incentives, nurses have had to think out of the box to find innovative ways to improve rural healthcare delivery.

These include:

Cultivating creativity

Education and certification only get the job half-done in delivering rural care. Nurses need to cultivate their critical thinking and problem-solving skills, coming up with ingenious ways to meet the care needs in their locality.

Advocating for improvements to rural healthcare delivery

As a rural nurse, you need to take advantage of every opportunity to advocate for better health standards. That includes educating patients about better health standards, participating in community events on healthcare, recommending healthcare improvements to community leaders and policymakers, and engaging with local and regional bodies in the healthcare industry.

Promoting health literacy

With better health literacy, rural dwellers can be better equipped to maintain healthy lifestyles and seek out medical help successfully when the need arises. Nurses advocating health literacy can help patients become more compliant with their doctor’s advice and follow through with processes involved in accessing certain types of care facilities.

Exploring telemedicine

Telemedicine has had a seismic impact on healthcare delivery, especially in rural areas. With almost everyone owning a smartphone these days, nurses can explore remote technologies in many ways to improve access to healthcare for patients.

They can use telemedicine to deliver healthcare services to patients’ homes, such as diagnosing health problems, offering counseling, and recommending and monitoring treatment plans for patients.

Obtaining a license for full practice

Nurses that are dedicated to a rural care facility can seek licenses for full practice to be able to operate at a much greater capacity.

More than half of the States in the US allow nurses to obtain authorization for full practice. With this, nurses can carry out patient examinations, diagnose illnesses, prescribe medication, and oversee the administration of treatment plans, all without the intervention of physicians.

Conclusion: rural nurse are bridge-builders for rural healthcare delivery

The decline in access to healthcare delivery for rural dwellers has been a perennial problem in many rural communities. A predominantly low-income population, difficulties with churning profits forcing rural care facilities out of business, and low standards of health and poor health literacy, all combine to create significant disparities between health delivery in rural areas and that of urban areas.

However, nurse practitioners are in a position to rise to the occasion. Nurses can help improve rural healthcare delivery in many ways, from reducing wait times for patients to helping fill the shortage of specialists, employing telemedicine to provide more convenient access to medical services, and advocating for ways to improve health and healthcare in underserved communities.

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The High Premiums For Senior Health Insurance Plans: Are They Worthwhile?

A health insurance plan is not an option anymore. With rising medical treatments and healthcare costs and increasing instances of lifestyle-related ailments, a comprehensive health insurance policy is a must. It offers financial protection from unexpected medical costs and allows you to get the best treatment without worrying about the bills. Insurance companies offer this coverage by charging a premium for a fixed tenure. There are many factors impacting the premium calculation of a health insurance plan.

Of these, the age of the policyholder is very crucial since the premium of a health insurance plan increases with age. Therefore, Senior Citizens’ Health Insurance premium is usually very high. But are these high premiums worthwhile? Should you opt for Senior Citizen Insurance or not?

This article will discuss whether the high health insurance premium for senior citizens is worthwhile.

Here are some reasons that contribute to a higher premium for senior citizen health plans:

Higher Coverage = Higher Premium

As a person grows old, he/she can face different types of health challenges and complications. Also, older people tend to have lower immunity than youngsters making them vulnerable to diseases and infections. Hence, senior citizens are more prone to health issues and require higher coverage so that the policy can cover maximum disorders. Insurance providers offer special senior citizen insurance plans that have higher coverage but also attract a higher premium.

Expensive Medical Treatment Costs

Senior citizens are more prone to serious health problems requiring highly expensive medical treatments. Since people at this age rely completely on their savings, managing such high medical costs can be challenging. Also, the cost of treatment for a senior citizen is usually higher than for a younger individual.  Hence, the insurer offers wider and higher coverage policies and charges a higher premium for the same.

Age-related Health Issues

People over 60 tend to have complex medical care requirements compared to younger people. Hence, insurers offer senior citizen health insurance plans that are designed to ensure that all healthcare requirements of senior citizens are covered under a single plan. Since these plans offer wider coverage, the premium charged is higher than regular individual health policies.

Senior citizens are more likely to avail of treatments like cataract surgery, knee replacement surgery, etc. as the body tends to become less functional with age. These surgeries are usually costly and require an experienced and skilled doctor. To help manage these costs, senior citizens can opt for a health insurance policy that is designed for them.

Things To Remember While Looking For A Senior Citizen Health Insurance Policy

  • Domiciliary care
  • Psychiatric care
  • Critical illness coverage
  • Alternative treatments like Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy
  • Bariatric Surgery
  • Daycare procedures
  • Complimentary health check-ups
  • Network hospitals near your residence
  • Lower waiting period for pre-existing diseases
  • Higher claim settlement ratio

Remember, senior citizens have different healthcare requirements and need an insurance policy designed for them. Many people include their senior citizen parents in the family health insurance plan. This should be avoided as it can increase the premium significantly. When you opt for a senior citizen health insurance plan instead, you can manage health insurance for your entire family in a cost-efficient manner.

Summing Up

 While senior citizen health insurance plans are costly, they offer coverage for a wider range of ailments and medical procedures. Also, they include features and benefits that are not available with normal policies. Hence, the premiums are higher. However, if you compare health insurance, choose the provider and policy carefully, and select the right add-on covers, you can save a lot of money on medical treatments in the long run.

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5 Foods & Beverages To Avoid During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a time when mothers need to be extra cautious about their health and diet. They are responsible for their growing baby’s health and development, and so need to make sure that they avoid certain foods and beverages that could be harmful to their unborn child. While there are many foods that can help provide essential nutrients and promote a healthy pregnancy, there are also several foods and beverages that should be avoided.

In this article, we’ll discuss the top five foods and beverages that pregnant women should avoid to ensure a safe and healthy pregnancy.

Why Should I Follow A Healthy Diet When I Am Pregnant?

Pregnancy is a crucial time when you need to take extra care of your body and health. Eating a healthy diet is one of the most important things you can do to ensure the healthy growth and development of your baby. A well-balanced and nutritious diet provides essential vitamins and minerals that are vital for your baby’s growth and development, and can also help to prevent various health issues during pregnancy, such as gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, and pre-eclampsia.

Adding goat milk to a healthy diet during pregnancy can be a great choice. Goat milk is a nutrient-dense food that is high in calcium, protein, and vitamins such as A and D. It also contains healthy fats, which can help with brain development in the growing fetus. Goat milk is a great alternative for those who are lactose intolerant or have trouble digesting cow’s milk.

Eating a healthy diet during pregnancy also helps you maintain a healthy weight, which is important for your overall health and your baby’s development. In addition, following a healthy diet can help prevent excessive weight gain, which can increase the risk of complications during pregnancy and childbirth.

What Foods & Beverages Should I Avoid During My Pregnancy?

While many foods and beverages are safe to consume, there are some that should be avoided due to potential health risks for your growing baby.

Here are some common foods and beverages to avoid during pregnancy:

  1. Raw or undercooked meat, poultry, and seafood – These foods may contain harmful bacteria or parasites that can cause serious illness, such as salmonella, E. coli, and listeria.
  2. Raw or undercooked eggs – Raw or undercooked eggs may also contain harmful bacteria, so it’s important to cook eggs until both the yolk and white are firm.
  3. Unpasteurized dairy products – Unpasteurized dairy products such as raw milk, cheese made from raw milk, and yogurt can contain harmful bacteria and increase the risk of foodborne illness.
  4. Certain types of fish – Some types of fish, such as swordfish, shark, king mackerel, and tilefish, may contain high levels of mercury, which can be harmful to your baby’s developing nervous system.
  5. Alcohol and caffeine – Both alcohol and caffeine should be consumed in moderation or avoided altogether during pregnancy, as they can have negative effects on fetal development.

To Conclude,

In conclusion, it is essential for pregnant women to be cautious of what they consume to promote the best possible health for themselves and their growing babies. Avoiding certain foods and beverages, such as raw fish, unpasteurized dairy, alcohol, and high-mercury fish, and limiting coffee and added sugars can help prevent potential harm to the developing fetus.

Eating a well-balanced and diverse diet that meets the necessary nutritional requirements is crucial to ensuring a healthy pregnancy and successful childbirth. Remember to consult with your healthcare provider for specific dietary recommendations during pregnancy.

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The Battle of Delta 8 vs Delta 9: Which One is Right for You?

The cannabis industry has witnessed tremendous growth in recent years, and with the legalization of marijuana in various states, the market has become flooded with numerous products. Among these products, delta-8 and delta-9 THC have gained significant attention. Both are cannabinoids found in cannabis plants, but they differ in their chemical structures, effects, and legal status. This article will learn more about the battle of delta 8 vs delta 9, and it will help you determine which one is right for you.

What is Delta-8 THC?

Delta-8 THC is a minor cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. It is chemically similar to delta-9 THC but has a different atomic arrangement. Delta-8 is considered less potent than delta-9 THC, meaning that it has a milder psychoactive effect. It is known to produce a relaxing and calming effect on users without causing anxiety or paranoia, which is sometimes associated with delta-9 THC. Delta-8 is typically derived from hemp plants and is legal in most states where marijuana is not.

What is Delta-9 THC?

Delta-9 THC, on the other hand, is the most abundant and potent cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. It is responsible for the psychoactive effects associated with marijuana use. Delta-9 THC binds to the cannabinoid receptors in the brain and nervous system, causing the release of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that produces feelings of pleasure and euphoria. However, delta-9 THC also has some potential negative side effects, including anxiety, paranoia, and increased heart rate. Delta-9 THC is still considered a controlled substance by the federal government, and its use is prohibited in many states.

Legal Status

One of the main differences between delta-8 and delta-9 THC is their legal status. Delta-8 is legal at the federal level, thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp and hemp-derived products. This means that delta-8 THC products can be purchased and used in most states, even those where marijuana is illegal. However, some states have started to ban delta-8 products, so it’s essential to check your state’s laws before purchasing delta-8 THC products.

Delta-9 THC, on the other hand, is still considered a Schedule I substance by the federal government, which means that its possession, sale, and use are illegal under federal law. However, many states have legalized medical and recreational marijuana, and delta-9 THC products are available in these states. It’s important to note that even in states where marijuana is legal, there are restrictions on the use and possession of delta-9 THC products, so it’s crucial to be familiar with your state’s laws.


Delta-8 and delta-9 THC have different effects on users. Delta-8 THC is known for its milder psychoactive effects, producing a relaxing and calming effect without causing anxiety or paranoia. It also has fewer negative side effects, such as dry mouth, dry eyes, and increased appetite. Delta-8 THC is often used to help manage anxiety, pain, and nausea.

Delta-9 THC, on the other hand, has more potent psychoactive effects, producing feelings of euphoria and relaxation. However, it can also cause negative side effects such as anxiety, paranoia, and increased heart rate. Delta-9 THC is often used for recreational purposes and for managing conditions such as chronic pain, nausea, and glaucoma.


Delta-8 and delta-9 THC products are available in various forms, including oils, edibles, and vape cartridges. However, delta-8 THC products are relatively new to the market, and there are fewer options available compared to delta-9 THC products. These products are both widely available in states where marijuana is legal. Delta-9 THC products are more commonly found, given their widespread use for recreational and medicinal purposes. Delta-8 THC products are newer to the market, but their popularity is increasing due to their milder effects and legal status. However, it’s important to note that the availability of these products may vary depending on your location, and it’s crucial to check your state’s laws before purchasing any THC products. It’s also important to purchase from reputable sources to ensure the safety and quality of the product.

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Heart Doctor Singapore: What can a Heart Doctor Detect?

Just as it sounds, a heart doctor is a doctor who deals with all heart conditions. This could be Aortic Stenosis, Angina, Rheumatic Heart Disease, High Blood Pressure, and many more. Check their services on this page:

A cardiologist can diagnose you with multiple heart conditions. Discussed below are just some of the diseases that a heart doctor can detect:

  • Rheumatic Heart Disease

This is an inflammatory disease caused by an infection that leads to autoimmune inflammation of the valves and lining of the heart and other tissues in the body. Rheumatic fever is an acute, febrile illness that may follow streptococcal pharyngitis. It affects approximately 33.4 million people worldwide and about 300,000-500,000 new cases occur with as much as 230,000 deaths being recoded every year.

●      Aortic Stenosis

Aortic Stenosis is a narrowing of the aortic valve orifice that restricts blood flow from the left ventricle into the aorta. With severe aortic Stenosis, symptoms develop at rest in adults and during exertion in children due to markedly reduced cardiac output. Symptoms include syncope, angina pectoris, dyspnea on exertion, and palpitations.

●      Aortic Regurgitation

Aortic regurgitation, also called aortic insufficiency or AIR. It is a disorder of the heart in which there is a backward flow of blood from the left ventricle into the aorta during systole. Leaking tricuspid valve rings are responsible for most cases of isolated regurgitant lesions of the mitral valve.

Most patients with mild to moderate AI have no symptoms. New-onset exertional dyspnea, chest pain, lightheadedness, syncope, angina, congestive heart failure (CHF), or cerebral vascular accident might be present if the patient has severe AI.

●      Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart become hardened and narrowed due to plaque buildup. Some of this hardening and narrowing is caused by atherosclerosis, where fatty substances such as cholesterol build up in and narrow the coronary arteries.

●      Pericarditis

Pericarditis, which is sometimes called pericardial inflammation or pericardial effusion, can cause chest pain similar to angina, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing because of pressure on the lungs, an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), and lightheadedness or feeling faint. The pericardium is the membranous sac that surrounds your heart.

●      Heart Attack

A heart attack, also called a myocardial infarction, occurs when one of the blood vessels that supply the heart becomes blocked. This blockage cuts off oxygen to some of your heart muscles. When this happens, you can have severe chest pain or discomfort in other areas of your upper body, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, cold sweats, and lightheadedness.

●      Congestive Heart Failure

Congestive heart failure is a condition where the heart cannot pump enough blood to meet the needs of the body. If not treated, congestive heart failure can progress quickly, leading to decreased endurance during physical activity. Symptoms include weakness, fatigue, swelling in body parts of your waist (especially legs), trouble breathing, and prolonged coughing.

There are several other diseases of the heart that your heart doctor can diagnose you with, and this list is not exhaustive. If you’d like more information on these and other heart conditions, please contact your doctor in Singapore.

Why would you be referred to a Cardiologist?

There are several reasons why you would be referred to a heart doctor in Singapore. Usually, it is because you have issues with which only the heart doctor is best placed to diagnose you with. If you are experiencing chest pain, breathlessness, abnormal heartbeats (arrhythmias), or fainting episodes, it is best to be referred to a cardiologist for an expert opinion.

Or alternatively, if your GP thinks that there may be something wrong with your heart – e.g., through any history of high blood pressure or other risk factors that might predispose you to having heart problems, they will refer you to the cardiologist for further tests and advice. The sooner that these issues can be detected, the better chance you have of avoiding damage to your heart – therefore, early diagnosis is paramount.

How Early Detection can save your Life

Because so many diseases of the heart can go unnoticed without regular checkups and tests, it is advisable to see your heart doctor after every few weeks or months (or as advised by your GP). Heart diseases may sneak up on you without much warning and can lead to serious complications or even death if left untreated for too long.

Although the threat of heart disease seems distant, early detection and treatment can make a big difference in whether you survive an attack. Without a professional opinion, you could be putting yourself at risk for undiagnosed problems.

Some people may ignore the warning signs that they have heart disease because it does not affect them as directly as other diseases. Heart disease is often associated with older individuals; however, even young and middle-aged adults can fall victim to this medical condition as well.

Being diagnosed with such diseases as early as possible gives doctors more time to treat your condition and helps avoid bigger problems down the line. Here are a few easy steps that can help prevent or reduce serious health risks:

  • Keep track of your family history: If you have a parent or sibling with heart disease or stroke, check-in regularly with your family doctor to make sure you’re staying on top of the game.
  • Watch your weight: If you’re overweight, losing just 10 to 20 pounds can help lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
  • Eat healthily: A diet that’s high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and low in saturated fat can reduce your chances of having a heart attack or stroke.
  • Keep moving: Even 30 minutes of activity a day can help lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Reducing stress also helps keep your heart healthy.
  • Stop smoking: Cigarette smokers are more likely to have a heart attack compared with nonsmokers, and quitting smoking can help your body recover from damage to your heart.

The Bottom Line

The bottom line is that early detection can save your life, so get checkups regularly and ask questions to stay healthy. If you don’t know where to start, consult our experts at Sunrise Heart and Internal Medicine Clinic for more information about how to maintain a healthy heart.

Sunrise Heart and Internal Medicine Clinic has several consultants who specialize in a variety of areas. Their extensive knowledge and experience can help you understand your current health status better and give you a team-based approach to staying well. Call: +6596873732.

Sunrise Heart Clinic – Heart Check Up | Treadmill ECG Test | Echocardiogram

365 Sembawang Cres, #01-02, Singapore 750365

+65 6235 1137


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Gastritis Specialist Singapore: How do I know if my Gastritis is Serious?

Gastritis is a condition that occurs when the lining of the stomach becomes inflamed or irritated. The condition can be caused by a number of things, including infection, stress, or certain medications.

Some people with gastritis may experience no symptoms at all, while others may have abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, or bloating. Treatment for gastritis is necessary to prevent the condition from progressing and causing more serious problems, such as ulcers.

To diagnose your condition, your gastritis specialist in Singapore may recommend that you have a colonoscopy to check the inside lining of your stomach. See how it’s done and what to expect on this page:

How can I even know if my Gastritis is Serious?

As mentioned above, some people do not even realize they have gastritis because they experience no symptoms. However, there are some key signs and symptoms that can indicate that the condition is serious and should be treated by a doctor. If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms, make an appointment to see your gastritis specialist in Singapore:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Bloating
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Blood in vomit or stool
  • Black or tarry stools
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Chest pain
  • Unexpected rapid heart rate
  • Persistent fever

When should I see a Gastritis Specialist about Gastritis?

Gastritis can sound so scary, but the good news is that most cases of gastritis can be treated. If you are diagnosed with gastritis, it is important to follow your doctor’s instructions carefully. In most cases, you will need to take medication to help heal the stomach lining and reduce inflammation.

However, there are some cases of gastritis that are more serious and require more intensive treatment. Get to see your gastritis specialist if you still experience stomach discomfort after taking OTC drugs, especially aspirin, or after taking your prescription medications.

You must also see a doctor for gastritis if your stool appears black, you vomit blood, or notice bloodstains in your stool. A timely appointment with a gastritis specialist in Singapore could just be what you need to discover the cause of your gastritis and to start on the necessary treatment.

What are the Treatment Options for a serious case of Gastritis?

Gastritis is usually diagnosed with a physical examination and by reviewing your medical history. Your gastritis specialist may also order some diagnostic tests, such as blood tests or a stool test.

Once you have been diagnosed, the next step is to determine the cause of your gastritis and to treat it accordingly. If the cause is an infection, you will likely be prescribed antibiotics. If your gastritis is caused by stress or medication, you may need to change your diet or adjust your medication.

In more serious cases, where the patient is not responding to medication or dietary changes, surgery may be necessary to remove the part of the stomach affected by gastritis. To get a complete gastritis treatment, it is prudent that you find a gastritis specialist that will create a comprehensive treatment plan for you. Here are six simple questions to ask when choosing a gastritis specialist.

  • What are your qualifications? It is important that you select a doctor who is qualified to treat gastritis. Ask the doctor about their training and experience in treating gastritis.
  • What is your experience in treating gastritis? Gastritis isn’t a rare condition, but some doctors may not have a lot of experience treating it. Ask the doctor how often they treat gastritis and what types of cases they typically see. It would help if the doctor has experience with your specific type of gastritis.
  • What are the risks and possible side effects of the treatments you recommend? All treatments come with some risks and side effects. Be sure to ask the doctor about the risks and side effects of any gastritis treatments they recommend. A good doctor will tell you about all the risks and side effects associated with each treatment.
  • What is your policy on follow-up care? Gastritis can be a chronic condition, so it’s important to find a doctor who is willing to provide follow-up care. Ask the doctor how often they want to see you for follow-up appointments and what their policy is on missed appointments.
  • What are your office hours? Find a doctor whose office hours are convenient for you. If you work during the day, you might want to find a doctor who has evening or weekend office hours.
  • What is your fee schedule? Not all doctors accept insurance. Find out how much the doctor charges for services and whether they accept your insurance.

If you have gastritis, it is important to find a gastritis specialist who can create a comprehensive treatment plan for you. By asking the right questions, you can be sure that you are getting the best gastritis treatment possible.

How can I prevent a recurrence of Gastritis?

While gastritis can be a chronic condition, there are things you can do to help prevent a recurrence. Here are some lifestyle changes that can help you prevent a recurrence of gastritis:

  • Drink plenty of water. Drinking plenty of water can help improve your digestion and keep your stomach healthy. It would be best if you drank filtered or bottled water.
  • Exercise regularly. Exercise helps improve your overall health and can help reduce stress, which can aggravate gastritis. It would be best if you aimed for the recommended at least 30 minutes of exercise per day.
  • Avoid smoking and alcohol. Smoking and alcohol can irritate your stomach and aggravate gastritis. If you have gastritis, it is best to avoid these substances.
  • Take care of your gut bacteria. A healthy gut microbiome is important for good digestion and can help reduce the risk of gastritis. Eat plenty of probiotic-rich foods and take a probiotic supplement if needed.

The Bottom Line

There is a lot you need to know about gastritis, and finding the right doctor is an important part of treatment. By asking the right questions, you can be sure that you are getting the best care possible. If you are dealing with a serious case of gastritis, it is important to find a doctor who has experience treating your condition. Make sure to ask about the risks and side effects associated with each treatment.

Andrea’s Digestive Clinic: Colon, Liver, Gallbladder, GERD/Acid Reflux Specialist

#21-11/12 Royal Square At Novena, 101 Irrawaddy Road Singapore 329565

+65 6264 2836

Andrea Digestive Clinic – Gastroenterologist in Singapore

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How to make and keep your new year’s resolution on track in 2023

You’ve probably seen the memes and heard the jokes about New Year resolutions. It’s true to a great extent. Making promises to ourselves is easy, but keeping them is difficult. So then, are we doomed to disappointment? Or is there a way we can actually use new year resolutions to make our lives better for good?

In this blog, we share our best tips for making those resolutions stick to help you grow into a better person.

Set just one New Year’s resolution.

Write down your most important and urgent goal.

When you only have one resolution, you’ll find that it’s easier to stick with your plan because no other distractions or things are competing for your attention. You won’t get side-tracked even when other things come up. Also, if something comes up in life (like work or family responsibilities), it’ll be much easier for you to adjust your plans so that all the pieces still fit together into a cohesive whole rather than having multiple things going at once.

An online life coach in Australia can help you with the necessary support and guidance if you are looking for help in creating a life vision and choosing a goal that serves you.

Keep it small, tangible, and measurable.

Don’t try to do too much at once. Keep it small and tangible so that you can accomplish it without feeling overwhelmed by its magnitude. You don’t have to be the best person in the world, and you don’t have to do it all.

In his book Deep Work, Cal Newport suggests attaching ‘lead metrics’ with a goal. So if your goal is to write a book, a lead metric would be the number of words you should aim to write every day to meet the goal at a given deadline.

Rather than assessing your goals by the final outcome, you can proactively predict how things are moving ahead with the help of lead metrics.

Visualise the desired outcome.

If there’s a particular skill or attribute that you’d like to develop or improve in yourself, visualise what it will look like after you achieve it. Visualisation is a powerful technique used to manifest the desired outcome by placing yourself in a future scenario and getting familiar with how it makes you feel.

A life coach in Australia can help you with a guided visualisation exercise so you can get into the habit of doing it on your own.

Build a keystone habit to help you develop your daily routine.

In his New York Times best-seller, Habit, Charles Duhigg talks about the importance of a keystone habit and its ripple effect in creating a new lifestyle.

A keystone habit leads to other habits. For example, if you wake up early every day, it’s easier for you to go to bed early as well. It would also lead you to an early dinner, which, in turn, would have you shut off from work at a given time any evening. If you meditate every day, it becomes easier for you to get into the habit of exercising regularly or eating healthier food options.

Create an accountability system.

Let’s be honest. You may not find the support you need from your friends or family. But it’s not all their fault. They have other things going on for themselves and may not relate to your goals. It’s completely ok.

What you need, though, is an accountability system. If you have a parent, a friend, or a significant other, you can be accountable to, that’d be great. But if you can always try online forums and offline meet-ups with others who have similar goals as yours, that’s not working out. You can schedule time with them to make sure you’re doing what you said you would. You can meet up on certain days at the gym or after work every week and keep each other motivated.

Make sure you have some people in your corner to hype you up.

Schedule time for your goal.

It’s not working out because it’s not getting done.

It’s important to schedule time every day or week, even if it’s just 10 minutes at a time. Setting aside an hour or two every single day is going to be a lot more beneficial than scheduling it all on one day each week.

Use a journal to keep track of your progress and stay motivated.

Use a journal as a tool. Write down your progress. Write down how far you’ve come and how much progress you have made in meeting your goals. This will inspire you to keep going and not give up!

Don’t forget about gratitude.

It’s easy to forget about gratitude in the hustle of our routines, but thinking about things you’re grateful for can make an enormous difference in how you feel.

Gratitude has been shown to reduce stress and anxiety, improve mental health, increase positive emotions such as joy and love, increase resilience against trauma or tragedy (like the death of a loved one), boost self-esteem and self-worth, and enhance relationships with others.

To sum up…

In terms of new year’s resolutions, keeping things simple and organized is the most important thing. You can go from “doer” to “master of your life” when you set goals, tackle them with intention and build on the success of each one.

If you are feeling stuck or lost and the coming year has started feeling like just another year, consider seeking help. Working with an online life coach gives you the sounding board you need to sift through the multitude of feelings, biases, and challenges that are a vital part of starting anything new.

Schedule a free session with Quality Mind’s certified life coaches to get the best tools you need to level up your 2023.

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How can a life coach help you achieve a stronger, healthier mindset?

Have you ever felt that the outside world was overwhelming? Like the walls are closing in, and there’s no way out?

Life can be challenging, and sometimes it’s hard to see past all the things not going as you wanted. That’s where a life coach steps in.

What is life coaching?

Life coaching involves helping someone find their answers by asking questions, actively listening, mirroring, and creating a safe space. It’s about exploring the things that matter the most to you by facilitating your conversation with your inner, authentic self.

Life coaching can help with the following:

  • Identifying core values.
  • Taking cognisance of the behavioural patterns.
  • Goal setting and achievement.
  • Creating clarity around what’s important to you in your life.
  • Focusing on your strengths instead of weaknesses.
  • Building confidence and self-esteem.

A life coach isn’t merely there to tell you what needs to be done. They help you by reflecting objectively along the way so that you can make your own choices with confidence and power!

Who is a good life coach?

Any life coach worth his salt must encourage you to explore your feelings and thoughts without any judgment. This, in turn, gives you a greater understanding of yourself and why you think or feel the way you do.

Mindfulness coaching with a life coach in Melbourne can help you focus on the positive aspects of your life instead of only harping on the negative ones. It can be done through journaling or other forms of self-expression. Having a coach will make the reflection process that much easier.

Good life coaches often use visualisation techniques that allow clients to see themselves in different situations and the way they react depending on various triggers. These techniques have proven effective in helping people overcome fears and anxieties about specific concerns or circumstances.

Why should you get life coaching?

Life coaching helps you change your mindset by providing a safe space, to be honest with yourself and others whilst empowering you with the tools and encouragement to move forward.

When you’re working with a coach, they’ll help you identify what is holding you back from reaching your goals and then work with you to surmount those impediments. Life coaches can be an invaluable resource for anyone who wants to make changes but feels stuck or unsure about how to do that.

A coach can look at the whole picture, not just what’s happening now. They will also take the time to understand what has happened in the past and where it might have led to this point. They’ll then help you learn from those experiences so that they don’t happen again.

How can a life coach help you achieve a stronger, healthier mindset?

The answer is straightforward. A life coach helps your mindset by providing unbiased feedback, support, and accountability.

Helps you assess your current state

Sometimes just being able to get your inner turmoil out in front of a trustworthy person can be such a relief. Whenever life throws you a curveball, a life coach can help you assess your mindset and recalibrate it to your advantage. A life coach will ask you questions to draw out your current fears or assumptions. This will help you develop self-awareness.

Helps you find your values and set goals accordingly

A lot of the distress that we feel in life is because we set goals without having any awareness of our values. A life coach helps you identify your values through various exercises and methodologies. Mindfulness coaching is one of them. It can help you realise your goals by providing clarity and direction. A coach will help you to make sense of the tangled web of responsibilities that come with achieving your goals. They’ll be able to give you the guidance and support needed to get unstuck.

Gives you an objective and unbiased view

Sometimes we need someone else’s perspective to see things clearly, and our friends and peers may not want to upset us by speaking the truth. They may even deliver the truth rather harshly, much to the detriment of your mental health. A life coach is trained to be as unbiased and objective as possible. Apart from providing support and accountability, a coach will give you objective feedback about your progress toward your goals. It just needs to be constructive if you’re struggling with self-doubt.

Keeps you focussed on your goal

You may already be working towards your goals and dreams. But negative thought patterns, childhood traumas, and self-deprecating behaviours may keep you from staying on track. You may have yet to consider how a life coach near you can help you achieve them. A life coach will let you bounce ideas and views without judgment. They’ll ask questions and help you set out the next steps you need to take. But that isn’t all; they’ll also support you and hold you accountable for the milestones you set out to achieve.

Summing it up

Mindfulness is a way to train your mind to focus on the present moment rather than worrying about the past or future. It lets you become self-aware so that you can make better decisions and become more adept at time management.

At Leigh Stafford life coaching in Melbourne, we offer several mindfulness coaching programs to help people work on a healthy mindset. You can also book a free session if personal development is something that you want to work on in the New Year.

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Old-School Exercises You Shouldn’t Forget

Modern science and technology provide many new and exciting ways to work out and improve fitness. However, human bodies have not changed much over the centuries, and many of the same routines that created attractive figures in years past still work today. Review some old-school exercises that you can do without fancy tech or machines.


Plyometrics (also known as jump training) is surging in popularity again but has actually been around for almost four decades. Dr. Yuri Verkhoshansky developed this type of training as part of his research in sports science.

What is plyometric training good for? Plyometrics combines exercises that increase explosive power and agility, such as jumping, bounding, hopping, and leaping. Routines use a “stretch-shortening cycle” principle to improve muscle strength over time while burning calories and decreasing body fat.

Plyometrics improve an athlete’s power and speed. These exercises can also help reduce the risk of injury due to enhanced neuromuscular coordination through rapid movements.

Jump Rope

There is a reason boxers have not given up jumping rope. The activity is an accessible, versatile, and cost-effective exercise that can provide numerous benefits.

Jumping rope gets your heart rate up and improves cardiovascular health. You’ll tone muscles, burn calories, and improve balance. Furthermore, jumping rope helps with coordination and agility.


Workouts should not always be about taking your body to the limit. Walking is one of the simplest ways to improve physical and mental well-being. Even the most experienced athletes should implement walking into their daily regimen. Walking has been proven to reduce anxiety, depression, and fatigue while increasing self-esteem and cognitive function.

Studies have also shown that a brisk daily walk can significantly contribute to physical conditioning, lowering your blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and risk of developing coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, cancer, and other serious illnesses. Incorporating regular walks into your lifestyle can provide numerous health benefits and even help enhance performance.

Stomach Vacuums

Stomach vacuums are an incredibly simple yet effective exercise that can strengthen your core and improve posture. They are especially beneficial for those who cannot or do not want to engage in more strenuous physical activities due to limited time or resources. They require no special equipment and can be done anywhere.

Furthermore, the invigorating breathing used during a stomach vacuum session helps to reduce stress and increase energy levels. Although it may take a few tries to get the hang of this exercise, it will provide clear results you can see and feel immediately.

Zercher Squats

Zercher squats are often overlooked in gym routines, but they offer numerous benefits that make them great compliments to regular squat exercises. They are known for forcing the lifter’s body to become stronger and more stable overall since the load is closer to your body.

Zercher squats put less stress on your back and core muscles while engaging your glutes, quads, and hamstrings more effectively than other squat variations. Doing these sets regularly can also help you work on balance, coordination, and stability and build a healthier and stronger core. Most of all, using the Zercher squat variation in your strength training workout can power up your lower-body strength more efficiently by utilizing different angles for activating multiple muscle groups at once.


Pushups might be one of the oldest forms of exercise, but that doesn’t mean they are outdated and irrelevant. In fact, pushups are still a fantastic way to build strength and cardio. As a bonus, pushups don’t require special equipment or a lot of time.

You can make your workout more challenging and effective by doing variations on the classic pushup, such as clapping or diamond pushups. Pushups can help increase your heart rate, gain muscle, and improve core stability. Though this routine is simple, it remains one of the best ways to get in shape quickly and easily.

Sometimes you need to just get back to basics to enhance your routine. The next time you think about switching things up, don’t forget these classics that still work.

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Pollution Is Killing Millions across the Earth, Scientists Warn

In 2019, over nine million deaths across the world were caused by pollution. This figure has remained the same since 2015. The Lancet Planetary Health published a study in May this year that proved how pollution has become a global problem and a threat to the environment and human health.

According to the study, the most affected population are those living in low and middle-income countries, as well as those in countries without exacting programs addressing poor air quality and water and chemical pollution.

The report gave a clear picture of what must be done to prevent pollution from claiming more lives and further destroying the environment. Tackling one issue with targeted action can help reduce or eliminate the other crises. 

One of the suggested actions is the shift from fossil fuels – or petrol and diesel-powered vehicles – to renewable energy. This can help improve air quality and postpone climate change. Currently, indoor and outdoor air pollution is linked to over 6.6 million premature deaths every year around the world – and the numbers continue to rise. Air pollution is responsible for almost 75% of these deaths worldwide.

The report also stressed the need for worldwide action if countries are to meet their goal of minimising the impacts of air pollution on human health, the environment, and economic and social factors.

While the public’s concern about toxic air and its health impacts is increasing, the same cannot be said of the needed funding and attention on international air pollution levels. Local governments have produced campaigns and zero-emission goals, but not all countries are involved. There is still a lot of work to be done. 

Air pollution has adverse impacts on human health and general well-being. Studies – both old and current – have consistently shown how toxic air aggravates health issues such as cognitive intelligence, mental health-related problems, respiratory illnesses, and cardiovascular diseases. 

Global Alliance on Health and Pollution’s Richard Fuller said it is important for countries to help each other because pollution crosses international borders. Countries with significantly high toxic air levels need to address the issue by finding the source and stopping it. 

Why diesel emissions are dangerous

The UK is one of the highly advanced countries with cities and towns affected by high levels of toxic air emissions. The primary source for these pollutants is road transport, specifically diesel emissions. This is why the 2015 Dieselgate scandal and the carmakers involved in it continue to attract the attention of authorities and campaigners.

In September 2015, the Volkswagen Group received a Notice of Violation from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the California Air Resources Board. It detailed how the carmaker violated emissions regulations when they installed defeat devices used to cheat emissions in Audi and Volkswagen diesel vehicles that were sold in the American market. The VW Group had to recall hundreds of thousands of affected vehicles – and they continue to do so even now. 

Other carmakers followed in the footsteps of the VW Group. Mercedes-Benz, Vauxhall, and BMW are only three of the many manufacturers that authorities in the US, Europe, and the UK have identified as companies that sold diesel vehicles equipped with defeat devices.

A defeat device is highly illegal and dangerous because it can detect when a vehicle is brought into a lab for testing. Once testing commences, the device automatically reduces emissions levels to within the World Health Organization’s (WHO) mandated limits. As such, the vehicle appears eco-friendly during testing conditions. However, once it is out on real roads, the vehicle reverts to releasing exceedingly high volumes of nitrogen oxide or NOx, a group of gases that can destroy lives and damage the environment.

NOx contains nitric acid or NO and nitrogen dioxide or NO2. It is responsible for producing smog and acid rain. It reacts with other elements to form the pollutant ground-level ozone, which weakens and damages vegetation.

As mentioned earlier, pollution affects a person’s mental health and cognitive intelligence. Once exposed to NOx emissions, a person’s mental health issues are triggered, and this can lead to more frequent episodes of depression and anxiety.

Additionally, a weakened cognitive intelligence can increase a person’s risk of dementia, especially Alzheimer’s disease.

Breathing in nitrogen oxide emissions can cause life-threatening health impacts, including breathing difficulties and lung problems, emphysema, asphyxiation, and laryngospasm (spasm of the vocal cords). As already mentioned, toxic emissions can lead to certain cancers, heart problems, respiratory illnesses, and premature death.

The Volkswagen Group, Mercedes, BMW, Vauxhall, and all the other carmakers that deceived customers with their use of defeat devices are responsible for exposing hundreds of thousands (or maybe even millions) of unknowing drivers to NOx emissions and their life-changing impacts. They should be brought to court through an emissions claim and affected car owners should be compensated for the inconvenience and dangers they were exposed to.

Should I start my diesel claim?

If you think your vehicle is equipped with a defeat device, you should work with emissions experts and start a diesel claim against your carmaker. First off, however, you need to visit the website to get all the information you need to verify your eligibility to make a claim. Only then will you be able to proceed to the actual claims process.

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